Psychosocial Issues


This module focuses on understanding common psychosocial issues faced by young people with HIV. Providers can be more effective in addressing these issues when they are sensitive to the patient's cultural context. Are the patient and his or her parents native born or immigrant? What language do they speak at home? What are the patient and family's support networks? How do community attitudes around HIV, sexuality, youth, and the health care system affect the patient's care and well-being? Integrated with the discussion are tools and specific recommendations for integrating culturally focused assessment questions and creating a more bias-free and supportive clinical environment.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this module, providers will be able to:

  1. Understand the components that make an ideal first visit for adolescent patients in terms of cultural and linguistic appropriateness.
  2. Perform a brief psychosocial assessment (the HEADSS interview) that is sensitive to cultural norms particular to racial and ethnic minorities and LGBT youth, to aid in the identification of comorbid conditions.
  3. Articulate 3 of the known challenges that frequently confront perinatally infected and newly diagnosed patients as they negotiate adolescent development.
  4. Cite 2 examples of how comorbid psychiatric illnesses may either increase the risk of HIV acquisition or affect disease progression in HIV-infected youth.


  • The course may be navigated either by selecting the "Next Page" button at the bottom of each screen, or by using the course outline buttons in the left navigation column.

  • All users will be asked to complete a final evaluation to help the sponsors assess the value of the course.